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Voting Reform

Voting is not a simple nor self-evident process. In fact, there are various voting systems (plurality, approval, ranked-choice, Condorcet, etc.), and they can produce very different results. Some systems can even deteriorate the dynamics of democracy within the voting population by forcing the voters to vote "strategically" rather than authentically, which in turn enables certain interest groups to artificially divide the public and exploit that for their own advantage. The worst of these systems––and ironically, the one that is most commonly used in public elections (at the time of writing)––is the plurality voting system (each voter has only one vote to cast and the option/candidate with the most votes wins).
     That being the case, we must switch all voting processes to the approval voting system as the default (in some specific applications, other systems might be more appropriate). To clarify, approval voting means that every voter can vote for, or "approve", all options/candidates that they prefer, and the option/candidate with the most votes becomes selected by the voting population (it is also possible for more than one option/candidate to be selected this way). This system is just as easy to implement as plurality voting, with which everyone is already familiar, and it has none of the flaws of the other systems. Also, due to its technological simplicity, it is available to us at the lowest cost. Taking all relevant factors into account, the approval voting system is one of the most important steps we can take to enhance the democratic process in most applications.

Approval Voting is indeed a viable and improved election approach, among many others. In my view the best current implementation of a variation of this is the recently (2020) enacted Top 4 non-partisan primary (everyone can vote in the primary for whomever they approve of, but only once),  followed by an Instant-Run-Off Ranked Choice Voting (RCV) vote in the final election.  You can read more about the variations at and catch up on the latest academic initiative by listening to the recording of last Wednesday's launch of an academics only election reform task force at: - and finally, stay in touch with ongoing work on improving our government via election reform at - thanks for your interest!

Please read:
Gaming the Vote: Why Elections Aren't Fair (and What We Can Do About It) – by William Poundstone

Please watch:
Egora, “The Worldwide Stock-Market of Ideas”, enables everyone to
– develop their own political philosophy out of various ideas,
– determine which ideas are most strongly supported by the people, and
– find the true representatives of the public will, to elect them into public office.